Fiberboard is made-up of Wood fibers. Hardwood and softwood residuals in the from of wood chips and saw dust become the raw material for fiberboard. Later synthetic resin is added and compressed under high heat and pressure. Later to form in sheets with different thickness.
Fiberboard are used instead of wood and plywood because they are inexpensive and serve the same purpose. Here is everything you need to know about Fiberboard – MDF, HDF, Particle Board

HDF – High Density Fiberboard

  • HDF is the strongest Fiberboard.
  • Pricing – High
  • Resins Used are Urea-formaldehyde (UF), Melamine resins and isocyanates.
  • IS : 15380
  • Standard Sheet Thickness – 2.5mm ,3.4mm, 4.6mm, 5.5mm, 7mm, 7.5mm, 9.7mm, 11mm, 16.7mm, 25mm, 30mm
  • Standard Sheet Size is 8x4ft
  • Water Resistant
  • Used for furniture where heavy traffic is expected such as in hotels, cinemas, government offices, as a core material for laminate flooring.
  • Carpenters prefer wood block board compared to HDF as they are more confident about the nail holding rather on HDF.
  • HDF available in perforated form, which is used for hanging various tools of the workshops.

MDF – Medium Density Fiberboard

  • Pricing – Moderate
  • Resins Used MDF are Urea-formaldehyde (UF), Melamine resins and isocyanates.
  • Colours Available – Raw or Pre-laminated Colours based on the manufacturer/ supplier Catalog, i.e single and double side laminated
  • Standard Sheet Thickness – 3mm, 5.5mm, 8mm, 12mm, 16mm & 18mm & 32mm
  • Standard Sheet Size is 8x4ft
  • Plain MDF IS 12406 & IS:14857 for Pre-laminated MDF
  • Used for furniture, cabinetry, wall panels, shelving, storage units, Jali/ Partition walls, decorative molding, and doors.
  • MDF is the ideal fiberboard in making furniture, except for Natural wood, plywood which are very expensive.
  • MDF is dense, hence CNC machined sharp edges can be formed.
  • If MDF are placed in moisture it tends to soak it like sponge, with a stain marks which non-removable. Finishes like painting on this surfaces are very costly & time consuming i.e DUCO, PU etc.
  • As Particle boards are not dense, it cannot be CNC Routed or CNC Carved.

Particle Board (Low Density Fiberboard)

  • Pricing – Low
  • Colours Available – Raw or Pre-laminated Colours based on the manufacturer/ supplier Catalog, i.e single and double side laminated
  • Standard Sheet Thickness – 9mm, 18mm & 25mm.
  • Standard Sheet Size is 8x4ft
  • Resins Used are Urea-formaldehyde (UF), Melamine resins and isocyanates.
  • Plain particleboard IS 3087 & IS: 12823 for Pre-laminated particle board
  • Used for Wall/Ceiling Cladding, Shutter Cladding & Furniture Embellishments.
  • It is a weakest form of engineered board, hence to make it non-dependable, you can’t use this in kitchen as its soaks water and moisture which will eventually damage the boards.
  • Waterproof particle boards are also available.

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